Hengchun Peninsula is the southernmost part of Taiwan. Unfortunately, you can't get there by train.
There are flights you can take from Taipei to get to Hengchun Airport, but there are only two flights available per week.
The flights are subject to cancellation in the event of katabatic winds, making the plane route quite inconvenient. There are many options if you decide to take the road. You can take the Taiwan Railway to arrive at Kaohsiung Train Station and then either rent a car or take the bus to get to Hengchun.
We recommend that you take the High Speed Rail to arrive at Kaohsiung Zuoying Station. You can take the inter-city bus from here or rent a car. Car rentals are readily available once you exit the HSR ticket barrier.
Foreigners will need to bring their international driver's license and passport or domestic driver's license in order to rent a car. Once you get a rental car, you can take the nearby National Highway 10 and then connect to National Highway 3 south.
Take the Nan-chou Interchange exiting National Highway 3 and then take Provincial Highway 1 to go south all the way before connecting to Provincial Highway 26.
Keep heading south on Provincial Highway 26. Before reaching Hengchun Ancient City, Hengchun Airport will be on the right side.
Hengchun Airport has been the southernmost and smallest airport in existence in Taiwan since the Japanese colonial Era. It was initially used as a training ground for fighter jets practicing crosswind landings.
There were no planes landing when we walked into this small airport; no one was waiting at the airport either; the entire runway was empty. There were only a couple of janitors working at the departure lounge;
however, we found various Hengchun and Kenting travel guides at the counter. It's very convenient to be able to park and use the restroom here. In case you didn't prepare ahead of time, you can get all the travel guides that you need here.
Hengchun Ancient City – Qing Dynasty meets new Japan
Hengchun Ancient City is the center of Hengchun Peninsula. Take Provincial Highway 26, and there is a fork junction before Hooyai Hotel.
The maroon welcome sign with a large Yueqin on the top of it is the landmark of Hengchun. There are many hotels and homestays in Kenting. We recommend that you lodge at Hengchun. Tour around Hengchun Ancient City and then head toward Kenting.
Hengchun is only 15 minutes drive away from Kenting. Hengchun Ancient City is not too large despite its 4 city gates.
The city gates have been kept in good condition. This establishment was the result of a tragic encounter between the Qing dynasty and rising Japan in 1874.
The encounter is historically referred to as the Mudan Incident. 54 Okinawa residents were mistaken for pirates by the Native Taiwanese due to some serious miscommunications. The Okinawa residents were executed by the Native Taiwanese. The situation was escalated into the Japanese sending troops to Taiwan.
After the conclusion of the peace treaty, the Qing dynasty built the Hengchun Ancient City in the back then desolate Hengchun in order to maintain sovereignty.
Hengchun Township is not large. City gates can be seen within a few minutes of walk. You can immerse yourself in that uniquely retro experience of walking around the ancient streets, eating some local dishes and relaxing in renovated vintage cafes.