Sun Moon Lake, the largest alpine lake in Taiwan/日月潭-台灣最大高山湖泊

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Sun Moon Lake is at 748 meters above sea level, which is 240 meters higher than Taipei 1O1. It's the largest alpine lake in Taiwan.
日月潭海拔748公尺,比台北一零一高240公尺,是台灣最大的高山湖泊。

It's hard to imagine that this lake has been the water reservoir of the largest hydropower plant in Taiwan since the Japanese colonial era. In its heyday, it provided 37% of the total electricity in Taiwan.
很難想像,從日治時代開始,這是台灣最大水力發電廠的儲水池。最高峰曾供應全台灣37%的電力。

Once you travel through long mountain roads to get to Sun Moon Lake, you'll be surprised to see such gorgeous lake and mountain scenery.
當你穿越重重山路到日月潭,會很驚訝山中有這麼美麗的湖光山色。 e54df5bb41c84834d49eef520d9bfbd9

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The native Taiwanese tribe Ita Thao has lived here for many generations. Their ancestors were probably just as surprised as you when they saw Sun Moon Lake.
世居在這裡原住民族邵族,他們祖先看到日月潭,可能也和你有一樣的驚艷。

According to the legend of Thao, their ancestors initially lived in a more southern area. They found this alpine lake while chasing a large white deer all the way from A-li-shan.
根據邵族神話,他們祖先原本住在比較南方,追逐一頭大白鹿,從阿里山翻越過來,發現了這個高山湖泊。

The Thao tribe has since inhabited this secret place on the mountain due to the abundant water and food. Sun Moon Lake and "Lalu Island" became the sacred places for the Thao tribe.
這裡有山有水有食物,卲族從此在這個山中秘境定居。日月潭和潭中之島「拉魯島」成為邵族的聖地。

While visiting these lively tourist attractions, understanding the history behind the aborigines and the land will help you calmly experience the beauty of Sun Moon Lake in its primitive form without feeling lost among the abundant hotels, restaurants, cycling groups and yachts.
了解原住民和這片土地的歷史,可以幫你在這個熱鬧旅遊勝地,靜下心來,細細體會日月潭最初的美,不會迷失在兩步一家的旅館、餐廳、來來去去的自行車陣和觀光遊艇。

We recommend that you start your journey by enjoying the service of any of the three Sun Moon Lake visitor centers established by Taiwan Tourism Bureau.
建議從台灣觀光局在日月潭設立三個遊客中心的任一個,享受他們的服務,也開始你的遊程。

Xiang-shan Tourist Center

向山遊客中心

Although each visitor center has its uniqueness, the most distinctive one is the Xiang-shan Visitor Center with its spectacular architecture. It's referred to as the most beautiful visitor center in Taiwan.
雖然3個遊客中心各有特色,有一個最特別的向山遊客中心,壯觀建築本身也是景點,有台灣最美麗的遊客中心之稱。 0ac6ef1aa12865c69f3749552738f047

Entering Sun Moon Lake from Provincial Highway 21 on the west side, you'll come across Xiang-shan Tourist Center.
從西側21線進入日月潭,迎接你的就是向山遊客中心。

This is the work of Japanese architect Norihiko Dan in 2003. A strong emphasis was put on the harmony between the architecture and the land. You can feast your eyes on the panorama of Sun Moon Lake after climbing the stairs.
這是在2003年日本建築大師團紀彥的作品。特別強調建築藝術與土地的協調,爬上著階梯可以眺望日月潭全景。 7202a294a8015d6e59ab56298f5cb671

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The lakeside pond where the building faces is a must-see. It imitates the effects of Infinity Pool. Sitting next to the pond, you can enjoy the pond view connecting to the lake.
一定要到的是,建築物面向潭邊的水池,這是模擬無邊際泳池的效果。坐在池邊潭水和池水連成一片。 48ce833fb39118132f2f611e5f6cf3ec

Such scenery used to be accessible only in the lobby of Lalu, Sun Moon Lake Luxury Hotel; you can now get a cup of coffee on the lakeside across from the hotel and indulge in the same scenery.
這樣景緻原本只有在涵碧樓高級旅館大廳旁,才能體驗到。現在你在面對涵碧樓對面潭邊,點一杯咖啡就可以享受。

Shuishe Visitor Center

水社遊客中心

Continuing forward, you'll arrive at Shuishe Visitor Center. This is the main pier for round-the-lake yachts. CNN did a news coverage on Sun Moon Lake Bike Path here, which is one of the ten most beautiful bike trails in the world.
再往前走,到水社遊客中心,這裡是搭遊艇環湖的主要碼頭。美國有線電視新聞網cnn報導過,全球最美10條自行車道之一,日月潭自行車道也在這裡。

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Sun Moon Lake Shuishe Pier is the transshipment hub with a spacious parking lot. You can board the yacht to go on a lake tour from here.
水社碼頭是日月潭的交通轉運中心,停車場很大。從這裡可以搭遊艇遊湖。 a537dd924b5d530fa8ad29459bff3e22

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The yachts stop at 3 of the 4 piers, allowing you to disembark to visit each tourist attraction.
遊艇停靠四個碼頭其中的3個,可以中途下船,到各個景點遊覽。 fcab42e42e4a7184c00184ba35214002

Alternatively, you can get to all the main attractions on your own from Shuishe Pier. Although it's very crowded here, it's still quite comfy sitting on the chair by the pier. We went to the restaurant there and ordered some fresh juice. Watching the scenery from the inside is even more relaxing.
從水社碼頭也可以自到全潭的重要景點,雖然人潮來來往往,但你坐在碼頭邊的椅子,還是很舒服,我們則是選擇旁邊的餐廳,點了現打果汁,舒服坐在室內看風景。 918ef9de29e727a81eb4ddf2aee923f8

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Looking across from here, you'll see a small island in the lake. That's the sacred Lalu Island for the Thao tribe. Legend has it that their ancestors' spirit rests in peace there.
往對面看,潭中小島就是邵族的聖地拉魯島,傳說他們的祖靈在哪裡安息。 4fdd28a3c53d4e193bf2a4e38950341a

There is also the sacred mountain for the Thao tribe Shuishe Mountain behind Xuanzang Temple if you look a bit further. Due to its 2059-meter elevation, a round trip takes at least 8 hours.
再看遠一點,玄奘寺後方,是邵族聖山水社大山。海拔2059公尺,來回最少要8小時。

You can rent a bicycle here at Shuishe Pier. The round-the-lake bike path is bustling and perfectly suited for children.
在水社碼頭這裡,也可以租自行車騎一段,環潭自行車道非常熱鬧,小朋友在這裡玩也很安全。 e6e47a285a66e8247a6d35c964431adf

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Lalu, Sun Moon Lake Hotel

涵碧樓

Going south along Hanbi Trail, you'll come across Lalu, Sun Moon Lake Hotel and a memorial hall.
沿著涵碧步道往南走,可以到涵碧樓和紀念館。

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Lalu is a famous landmark and hotel, originally built by a Japanese businessman. It eventually became a private travel lodge for Chiang Kai-shek. After being destroyed by Nine Two One Earthquake, it was rebuilt to become the Sun Moon Travel Lodge.
涵碧樓原本是日治時期商人興建的旅館,是台灣著名地標;後來變成蔣介石個人行館,九二一地震震毀後,原地興建日月行館。 3a4ce8329626040f3816370e997c1c42

The new Lalu, Sun Moon Lake Hotel was built by a private developer. The memorial hall nearby was established by partially utilizing the construction materials from the old travel lodge. There are many pictures of Chiang Kai-shek and Chiang Ching-kuo vacationing in Sun Moon Lake.
新的涵碧樓是私人建設公司興建,旁邊的紀念館,利用部分舊行館建材重建,有很多蔣介石和蔣經國總統在日月潭度假的照片。 87b5e409f4d00aa409d2b1956e7f02ee

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Sun Moon Restaurant

日月餐坊

Restaurants abound in the vicinity of Shuishe Pier. We picked Sun Moon Restaurant recommended by the locals.
水社碼頭附近的餐廳很多,我們挑選一家當地人介紹的日月餐坊。

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We heard different accents from the dining guests there; some are from China; some are from Europe and America.
我們聽到許多用餐客人不一樣的口音; 有些是中國,也有些歐美國家。 1a2b4dfa38214203fdbf1625b8fdc40f ==They allow dining guests to write their names on the wall / 他們讓用餐客人在牆壁上寫下名子==

We ordered Rice in a Bamboo Tube, Steamed Lake Fish, Stir-fried Beef with Green Onion, Stir-fried Water Spinach with Sour Bamboo Shoot and Stir-fried Cabbage. Our dessert was Fried Banana.
我們點了竹筒飯、清蒸潭魚、蔥爆牛肉、酸筍炒高空心菜和炒高麗菜,點心是油炸香蕉。 521092ae29af6d1661d3b100c2d18c02

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Rice in a Bamboo Tube is an aboriginal dish, using a mixture of steamed Sticky Rice and Japonica Rice. Cooked inside a bamboo tube, it's both stylish and tasty.
竹筒飯是原住民料理,用糯米和蓬萊米混合蒸煮,在竹筒端裡煮來,相當有造型,也很好吃。 5eb55f2a64641509690e82a60ef7a4ec

Sour Bamboo Shoot is an indigenous vegetable. It tastes very distinctive when stir-fried with Water Spinach.
酸筍則是當地的疏菜,和空心菜合炒,滋味很特別。

Lake Fish is an exotic species. It adapted well after its free range and became a main species in the lake. It tastes very similar to Taiwan Tilapia, but without the earthy taste. It's even more popular than the fishbone-laden "Presidential Fish."
潭魚則是外來魚種,放養後適應良好,變成潭內主要魚種,吃起來味道很像台灣鯛,但沒有土味,比原生多刺的總統魚還受歡迎。 597d7927ff2ee41b6a53512e676a52ff

You used to have to get to the Thao tribe by boat. The establishment of the Round-the-Lake Road in 1995 allows for transiting by road. Going north from the Shuishe Pier, you can get to many attractions by car.
原本到邵族人部落要搭船,1995年環潭公路完成,有陸路直達。從水社碼頭再往北,很多景點開車可以到。

Chao-wu Pier

朝霧碼頭

You'll come across Chao-wu Pier along the way. This is the place for Annual Swimming Carnival, attracting 30 thousand swimmers that swim to Ita Thao Pier from here.
路上會經過朝霧碼頭,這是一年一度泳渡的地點,有3萬名泳客,從這裡游到伊達邵碼頭。

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We happened to run into many tourist buses clogging this little pier the day we came. We had no choice but to back out.
我們來的這一天,剛好遇到中國遊客在這裡接泊遊艇,好幾輛遊覽車塞爆小小碼頭,只好開車上坡,倒退回原路。 5e55bee6ccb008c1647c6c62f5593dc5

After the construction of the Round-the-Lake Road, there are many newly established hotels on the way to the Thao tribe. Viewing the lake scenery from above, such as Fleur De Chine Hotel, is even more alluring than Shuishe Pier.
環湖公路開闢後,往邵族部落的途中,可以看到新建的大型旅館,鳥瞰湖景的位置比從水社碼頭特別,例如雲品酒店。

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At the same time, you can see many trail entrances with a parking lot next to them, allowing you to park at any time for a short walk. Trails such as Round-the-lake Trail and Dag-zhu Trail allow you to cycle through.
同時你也可以看到很多步道入口,旁邊就有停車場,隨時可以停下來走一走。例如環湖和大竹等步道,都可以騎乘自行車。 7379f32a5df1d25462e6d8616f9f72ca

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Shue-iuatou Hiking Trail

水蛙頭步道

We highly recommend that you take the Shue-iuatou Hiking Trail. The entire trail is situated inside the forest. Its destination is a sculpture in the lake called the Nine Frog Heads.
很建議你走走水蛙頭步道。步道全部在森林內,終點是潭裡一個叫「九蛙頭」的雕像。

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This sculpture is a stack of 9 frogs of various sizes. Counting the number of visible frogs lets you know the water level. There is a water-level chart next to it.
這雕像是9隻疊在一起的大小青蛙,數數看有幾隻看的到青蛙,就知道水位多高,旁邊還有一個水位對照表。 274bd1bc5f35a5413493c3de889837bc

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Sun Moon Lake is currently operating hydroelectric power. It utilizes the off-peak electric power from the generators at the bottom of the hill to draw up water every night. The water-level difference can be as high as 2 meters. The sculpture is to highlight the characteristic of this type of electricity generation.
日月潭目前還在進行水力發電,每天晚上利用離峰電力從山下的發電機組抽水上來,水位落差高達2公尺,雕像就為了凸顯這個發電的特色。

Continuing forward, you'll come across Sun Moon Lake Ropeway Station. Next up is the Ita Thao Pier, which is the location of the Thao tribe.
繼續往前走,會經過日月潭纜車站,然後就是伊達邵碼頭,也就是邵族部落所在地。

Sun Moon Lake Ropeway Station

日月潭纜車站

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Ita Thao Pier

伊達邵碼頭

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The Thao tribe is the smallest native tribe in Taiwan by population. Their sacred place Lalu Island divides the Sun Lake and the Moon Lake of Sun Moon Lake. Literally, the Sun Lake resembles the sun, and the Moon Lake resembles the moon.
邵族是台灣人數最少的原住民族,他們的聖地拉魯島,就是日月潭的日潭和月潭的分界。從字面上很清楚,日潭形狀像太陽,月潭像月亮。

Upon getting on the sacred mountain, you can get a panoramic view of Sun Moon Lake from the hill road. We ran into a Thao tribe lady at the hiking entrance telling us that we could actually see Changhua from here in good weather.
登上聖山,從山路看到日月潭全景,登山口遇到一位邵族先生媽告訴我們,天氣好可以看到彰化。

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Despite being the smallest native tribe in Taiwan, they still guard their ancestral land. The tribe is located at the hiking entrance to the sacred mountain Shuishe Mountain. Every household uses trees to carve their aboriginal language on the front door, preserving their own culture.
雖然他們是台灣人口最少的原住民族,他們仍然守護祖靈地,部落就位在聖山水社大山的登山口,家家門前,用樹頭雕刻族語,保存自己的文化。 6fd5860a2427b5dce22326d5d9422972

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Xuanzang Temple

玄奘寺

Further north is Xuanzang Temple that worships Buddha Relic of the Master Xuanzang, the greatest Chinese Buddhist Scripture translator.
再往北有一座廟宇「玄奘寺」,裡面供奉漢傳佛經最偉大的翻譯家,玄奘法師的舍利子。

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During Sino-Japanese War, the Japanese brought the Buddha Relic of Master Xuanzang back to Japan in fear of the war effects in Nanjing. Part of the Buddha Relic, a very precious legacy of the world, was later redistributed to Taiwan.
這是中日戰爭期間,日本人擔心戰火波及供在南京的玄奘法師舍利子,請回日本,後來又分靈到台灣,是非常珍貴的世界遺產。 66544fad248a180bcc93d4e6ce273982

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